To ease your site search, article categories are at bottom of page.

November 10, 2009

Oil palm genome research to help increase yields

by Emma Ritch

A consortium including the Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MPOB) and St. Louis, Mo.-based Orion Genomics announced they sequenced and assembled three oil palm genomes in an ongoing project to find ways to increase yield, protect against disease, and strengthen plants against environmental stress.

The three oil palm genomes came from two oil palm species: E. oleifera, which is native to South America, and E. guineensis, which originates in Africa.

E. guineensis is more widely planted in Malaysia because of its high productivity, but E. oleifera offers increased resistance to disease and oil with higher quantities of unsaturated fats.

The group says its work provides a comprehensive genetic blueprint that could blend the benefits of the two species of the plant, increasing yields and productivity for the growing food and biodiesel markets.

The potential benefits of genome sequencing also prompted La Jolla, Calif.-based Synthetic Genomics to partner with Malaysia's Asiatic Centre for Genome Technology on research of oil palm genomes for biofuel feedstocks.

The consortium announcing the findings said their work is unique because it provides comprehensive genetic and transcriptional maps that could help oil palm researchers as they seek to understand the genes responsible for yield, disease resistance and resistance to environmental stress.

The group also included St. Louis-based MOgene, The Genome Center at Washington University, South Korea-based Macrogen, and Adelaide, Australia-based GeneWorks.

MPOB, Orion and MOgene also announced plans to study the epigenetic makeup of oil palm in 2010 in an effort to improve yields.

Last week, researchers from Duke University, Stanford University and Brazil unveiled two studies that examined the genome structures of biofuel yeasts in order to increasing ethanol production.

Cleantech

Article Categories

AGRA agribusiness agrochemicals agroforestry aid Algeria aloe vera Angola aquaculture banana barley beans beef bees Benin biodiesel biodiversity biof biofuel biosafety biotechnology Botswana Brazil Burkina Faso Burundi CAADP Cameroon capacity building cashew cassava cattle Central African Republic cereals certification CGIAR Chad China CIMMYT climate change cocoa coffee COMESA commercial farming Congo Republic conservation agriculture cotton cow pea dairy desertification development disease diversification DRCongo drought ECOWAS Egypt Equatorial Guinea Ethiopia EU EUREPGAP events/meetings exports fa fair trade FAO fertilizer finance fisheries floods flowers food security fruit Gabon Gambia gender issues Ghana GM crops grain green revolution groundnuts Guinea Bissau Guinea Conakry HIV/AIDS honey hoodia horticulture ICIPE ICRAF ICRISAT IFAD IITA imports India infrastructure innovation inputs investment irrigation Ivory Coast jatropha kenaf keny Kenya khat land deals land management land reform Lesotho Liberia Libya livestock macadamia Madagascar maize Malawi Mali mango marijuana markets Mauritania Mauritius mechanization millet Morocco Mozambique mushroom Namibia NEPAD Niger Nigeria organic agriculture palm oil pastoralism pea pest control pesticides pineapple plantain policy issues potato poultry processing productivity Project pyrethrum rai rain reforestation research rice rivers rubber Rwanda SADC Sao Tome and Principe seed seeds Senegal sesame Seychelles shea butter Sierra Leone sisal soil erosion soil fertility Somalia sorghum South Africa South Sudan Southern Africa spices standards subsidies Sudan sugar sugar cane sustainable farming Swaziland sweet potato Tanzania tariffs tea tef tobacco Togo tomato trade training Tunisia Uganda UNCTAD urban farming value addition value-addition vanilla vegetables water management weeds West Africa wheat World Bank WTO yam Zambia Zanzibar zero tillage Zimbabwe

  © 2007 Africa News Network design by Ourblogtemplates.com

Back to TOP